University of Pennsylvania
Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Phildadelphia, PA 19104
Established in 1989 as one of the first centers to scale up rigorous research on the impact of nursing on patient outcomes. Researchers study health system reorganization and policy changes and aim to produce research evidence to improve the quality of health care, the power of policy on hospital organizational traits and context on racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in health care outcomes uses evidence to inform policy and produces the next generation of scientists. We explore the nursing workforce; nursing’s contribution to reduce racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities; policies such as scope of practice and nurse-to-patient ratios; nursing inputs such as education, skill mix, and work environment; and how these factors impact patient outcomes.
Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN
Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor in Nursing
Professor of Sociology, School of Arts & Sciences
Founding Director, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research.
Dr Linda H. Aiken is a renowned nurse academic whose research into nurse staffing levels has had a widespread impact around the world. She is the Claire Fagin Professor of Nursing, Professor of Sociology, Director of Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, and Senior Fellow of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA. Her research, in more than 30 countries, focuses on the use of performance measures to demonstrate relationships between the proportion of more highly qualified nursing staff on wards and patient outcomes. She is an elected member of the US National Academy of Medicine, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a former President of the American Academy of Nursing, and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Nursing.
Scientific Project Manager
Matthew D. McHugh, PhD, JD, MPH, RN, CRNP, FAAN
The Independence Chair for Nursing Education,
Professor of Nursing, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Dr. Matthew McHugh conducts health services and policy research focusing on the impact of nurses and nursing on patient outcomes, quality of care, and costs. He directs highly visible studies that draw on his expertise in nursing, law, public health, and health services research to evaluate how nursing can be a force for quality, equity, and innovation in health services. He is a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar, a member of the National Academy of Medicine, a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing, and a Senior Fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics.
Herbert L. Smith, PhD,
Professor of Sociology and Director of the Population Studies Center (2005-09, 2011-14) at the University of Pennsylvania, and (2009-13) Président, Commission d’Évaluation, Institut National d’Études Démographiques (France).
Dr. Herbert L. Smith’s current research involves the use of “double sampling” to reduce bias due to non-response in survey research and the correspondence between econometric models for stochastic time series and demographic cohort projection models, with applications to the forecasting of school enrollments. Other research interests include the design of social and demographic studies, the experimental model, causation, representation, measurement, and matching. Previous work by Professor Smith involved social stratification, including the demography of educational attainment and race differences in non-marital childbearing; the family planning system in four counties of North China; and the relationship between the status of women and fertility in five South and Southeast Asian nations (Pakistan, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines).
Douglas Sloane, PhD, is a statistician and expert in the methodological approaches for many large-scale organizational research studies. He is Senior Fellow and Adjunct Professor at the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing. Over the last 25 years, his work in health services research explores the relationship between nursing care and patient outcomes in the U.S. and abroad. His contributions to the design of longitudinal research studies and the statistical analyses of the resulting data include the RN4CAST survey data conducted at multiple points in time. He is also Visiting Professor at the Center for Health Services and Nursing Research at Katholieke Universiteit—Leuven, Belgium.